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Different Types of Dragons in Mythology

Dragons have always been viewed throughout history as mythical creatures, usually represented as gigantic, flying and powerful serpents with magical, mystical abilities. Like many other mythological creatures, dragons are perceived in different ways as well as there being many different types of breeds.

The word “Dragon” derives from Greek and translates as “A serpent of huge size”. These creatures crop up all throughout literature and film, more recently they have played a big role in fantasy films such as The Hobbit & Harry Potter.

In Harry Potter, dragons are portrayed as huge winged fire-breathing lizards and  are looked up to as one of the most amazing magical creatures in the world. Dragons are terrifying and awe-inspiring with their gigantic wing span and fire breathing abilities. Muggles remember them only as beasts from mythology, which is a credit to the ongoing efforts of the Ministries of Magic in many countries who work tirelessly to keep these huge beasts hidden.

Here is a list of some of the most famous, well-known and also unique types of Dragons known in the Mythology world.


European Dragons 

European dragons from Catalonia, are depicted as serpent-like creatures, with two or four legs. Their breath is poisonous, said to be capable to rot anything or anyone it touches. One of the traits of this dragon is that it is said to have had the power to kill humans with it’s gaze. It is also said that they were immortal as well as usually inhabiting rural, country areas.

Oriental Dragons

Chinese dragons are more snake-like than the European breed, and are generally portrayed as being benevolent beings, although there are exceptions. These dragons are also depicted in varying shapes, colours, and sizes. Japanese dragons are very similar to Chinese dragons, but have 3 claws instead of four. Usually are represented as being benevolent and golden in colour. These types of dragon are often perceived as signs of good luck in Chinese culture.


Fairy Dragons

Fairy dragons are the smallest of all dragons in mythology, being roughly the size of a butterfly or a dragonfly. These creatures are often associated with insects and fae people in folklore. They also share many traits with fairies and other magical folk, and finding one of these creatures is very rare. They are very fond of fine-smelling flowers, which is where they are most likely to be found. But unfortunately, due to their tiny size, they are often mistaken for common insects.

White Dragons

White dragons tend to be small but very intelligent. Such dragons usually inhabit icy climates, often arctic areas, but sometimes also very high mountains. They travel alone, and have very good memories. These dragons prefer the solitude of snowy plains and caves, far away from the warmth of the sun. A white dragon is recognisable by its intelligent looking eyes and intense expression, as well as its unusual scales, which resembles fur, or even feathers, in places. These dragons also have sharp claws and wide feet which help them to climb snowy cliffs. An aura of coldness seems to eminate from the white dragon.


The Zmaj – Republic of Slovenia

The Zmaj dragon comes from the Slavic country Slovenia and many of its traits include having three heads that may grow back if decapitated, fire-spitting abilities and green, scaly skin. The word “Zmaj” is a masculine version of the word for snake, which is usually feminine. Slovenic dragons also have many things in common with European dragons, and are featured in christian stories of St. George as well as pre-Christian stories.


The Cuélebre

The Cuélebre is the Spanish variety of dragon, specifically, from the regions of Asturias and Cantabria. Serpentine, winged and with colourful scales, the Cuélebre are immortal and obsessed with pretty, shiny objects. Theses dragons like to hoard treasure and fairy-like blonde nymphs.


Romanian Longhorn

A species of Dragon which may not appear as part of traditional mythology but is instead from the popular Harry Potter series. A Romanian Longhorn is covered in dark, green scales with a long glittering golden horn which gives it its namesake. This dragon is native to Romania and is thought to naturally inhabit mountainous areas.

Welsh Green

This was the dragon assigned to Fleur Delacour in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire during the dangerous Tri-Wizard tournament games. The Welsh Green is native to Wales and nests in higher mountains, it is green in appearance and produces earthy brown eggs speckled with green. This dragon usually prefers to feed on sheep, and they produce their flame as narrow jets.


Hungarian Horntail

Hungarian Horntail is the dragon which Harry Potter himself had to encounter in the Tri-Wizard tournament. This dragon is considered to be one of the most dangerous breeds of dragon with its yellow, vertical pupils and its flame which can reach up to 50 feet. This dragon is native to Hungary and likes to feed on goats and sheeps, as well as humans. You wouldn’t want to have to meet the yowling, screeching scream of the Hungarian Horntail.  

Peruvian Vipertooth

The last dragon breed from Harry Potter on this list is the Peruvian Vipertooth, small in size but not to be messed with, this dragon has a smooth, copper-like appearance with short horns. But you’ve got to watch out for the fangs on these dragons as they have a highly poisonous bite. They will eat cows and goats, but they especially like to eat humans, making the Peruvian Vipertooth particularly dangerous to humans.

Which is your favourite species of dragon? Do you have any other interesting breeds to add to the list?

I’d love to hear your thoughts, Leave a comment below!

Recent Comments

  • Kelly
    2018-08-09 - 5:08 pm · Reply

    Our house is full of boys and through the years DRAGONS have been part of the art and life around here! What an informative post!

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